Liver Cancer - Causes, Types, Symptoms & Treatment

What Is Liver Cancer?

What Causes Liver Cancer?

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cancer

What Are the Risk Factors of Liver Cancer?

The 4 Types of Liver Cancer

How Is Liver Cancer Diagnosed?

Different Stages of Liver Cancer

 

Oncologists have categorised different stages to determine the percentage and severity of liver cancer spread. Also, the staging process helps cancer specialists to evaluate the survival statistics of patients.

Liver cancer stages range between I and IV. While Stage I refers to lesser spread, Stage IV indicates that the cancer cells have spread to a more significant portion.

Go through the AJCC (American Joint Committee of Cancer) TNM Staging System to get a comprehensive idea.

 

Liver Cancer Stages

 

AJCC Stage

Stage Grouping

Description

IA

T1a

A single tumour of 4/ 5 inch (2 cm) or smaller that is yet to grow into blood cells

IA

N0, M0

Not spread to surrounding lymph nodes (N0) or distant parts (M0)

IB

T1b

A single tumour larger than 4/5 inch (2 cm) yet to grown into blood vessels

IB

N0, M0

Cancer cells not spread to surrounding lymph nodes or distant parts

II

T2

A single tumour larger than 4 /5 inch (2 cm) grown into blood vessels, More than 1 tumour smaller than 2 inch (5 cm) across

II

N0, M0

Not yet spread to surrounding lymph nodes (N0) or to distant areas (M0)

IIIA

T3

More than one tumour of which one is larger than 2 inch (5 cm) across

IIIA

N0, M0

Not yet spread to surround lymph nodes (N0) or to distant areas (M0)

IIIB

T4

Minimum 1 tumour of any size grown into a primary branch of a large liver vein (portal or hepatic vein)

IIIB

N0, M0

Yet to spread to surrounding lymph nodes (N0) or distant areas (M0)

IVA

Any T, N1, M0

1 or multiple tumours of any size (NT) spread to surrounding lymph nodes (N1) but not at distant areas (M0)

IVB

Any T

1 or multiple tumours of any size (Any T)

IVB

Any N

May spread to surrounding lymph nodes (Any N)

IVB

M1

Spread to distant organs like bones or lungs (M1)

Here, T = size, number and spread of tumours 

N = Surrounding lymph nodes

M = Distant lymph nodes or organs like bones and lungs

Nonetheless, there are more staging systems of liver cancer followed by doctors across the world. 

Recommended Treatments for Liver Cancer

What Is the Prognosis of Liver Cancer?

Frequently Asked Questions