The two main causes of the thyroid condition are the thyroid gland's over and underproduction of different thyroid hormones. These are known as hyper and hypothyroidism.
However, several other conditions can cause or trigger off hyper and hypothyroidism in a person.
Conditions that Cause Hypothyroidism
The following diseases can trigger the secretion of thyroid hormones. These conditions are:
An Absent Thyroid Gland from Birth
If you are born with a faulty thyroid gland, then you could be affected by this problem. 1 in 4000 babies is born with such complications. Therefore, if you have this condition from birth, you may suffer from mental and emotional issues.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition. As a result, the immune system of the body starts attacking the thyroid. Furthermore, it can be compared to Type 1 diabetes, where the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin hormone. The body's cells attack and damage the thyroid.
Thyroiditis occurs when there is a swelling of the thyroid, which causes less production of thyroid hormones.
The thyroid uses iodine to produce hormones. Unfortunately, an iodine deficiency affects several million people around the world.
There can be a dip in thyroid levels for up to 5-9% of women post-pregnancy. However, it is a temporary condition that will stabilise after some time.
Conditions that Cause Hyperthyroidism
The following diseases are responsible for triggering off the problem of hyperthyroidism.
Overactive nodules within the thyroid can cause hyperthyroidism. There can be a single nodule or multiple nodules on the thyroid gland.
In this disease, the entire thyroid gland swells up and produces excess thyroid hormone. This problem is also commonly called diffuse toxic goitre.
Excess consumption of iodine, an essential element in the production of thyroid hormones, is responsible for hyperthyroidism. Iodine is found in cough syrup and heart medicine, so those on this medication should be careful.
The thyroid gland releases hormones stored in it, and this condition can last for a few weeks.
These were some of the reasons for thyroid in a person.