History of Major Plague Outbreaks in the World

What was the plague?

What causes the plague?

What are the different types of plague?

How does the plague spread?

How many plague outbreaks have there been in history?

So, what were the major plague outbreaks in history?

What happened?

Where did it happen?

Death toll (estimate)

Plague of Justinian (541–549 AD) - Bubonic plague

Spread across Asia, Africa, and Europe

15–100 million (which was equivalent to 25–60% of Eurasia's population)

The Black Death (1346 to 1353) - Bubonic plague

Europe and Northern Africa

75–200 million (30–60% of the European population)

Italian plague (1629–1631) - Bubonic plague

Italy

1 million

Great Plague in late Ming Dynasty (1633–1644) - Bubonic plague

China

200,000+

Naples Plague (1656–1658) - Bubonic plague

Italy

1 million +

Great Plague of London (1665–1666) - Bubonic plague

England

100,000

Ottoman plague epidemic (1812–1819) - Bubonic plague

Ottoman Empire (Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa)

300,000+

Third plague pandemic (1855–1960) - Bubonic plague

Worldwide

12–15 million

Hong Kong plague (1894–1929) - Bubonic plague

Hong Kong

100,000

Bombay plague epidemic (1896–1905) - Bubonic plague

Bombay, India (now Mumbai)

20,000+

China plague and Manchurian plague (1910-1912) - Bubonic plague and Pneumonic Plague

China

100,000

Plague Epidemic of 1994 - Bubonic plague and Pneumonic plague

India

56

Madagascar plague outbreak (2014–2017) - Bubonic plague

Madagascar

292

How did the plagues end?

Is the bubonic plague still around?

What are the symptoms of the plague?

Is there a treatment for the plague?

How can you prevent the plague?