Everything about Cyclones: Formation, Causes and Impact

What Are Cyclones?

How Are Cyclones Formed?

What Are the Different Categories of Cyclones?

 

The categories of a cyclone depend on wind strength. From the following table, you will be able to estimate the damage a cyclone may cause after landfall based on wind speed.

Category

Wind Speed (in kmph)

Damage at Landfall

1

119-153

Minimal

2

154-177

Moderate

3

178-210

Extensive

4

211-250

Extreme

5

More than 250

Catastrophic

Now, let's check out what causes a cyclone.

What Are the Causes of a Cyclone?

Cyclones that Occurred in India Till Now

 

With respect to the above table, the following list of cyclones have occurred in India over the past few years -

Cyclone Name

Cyclone Type

Yaas

Severe cyclonic storm over the Bay of Bengal.

Tauktae

Very severe cyclonic storm originating from the Arabian Sea.

Nisarga

Severe cyclonic storm emerging from the Arabian Sea.

Amphan

Super cyclonic storm formed in the Bay of Bengal.

Kyarr

Super cyclonic storm emerging from the Arabian Sea.

Maha

Extremely severe cyclonic storm originating in the Arabian Sea.

Vayu

Severe cyclonic storms originate from the Arabian Sea.

Hikka

Very severe cyclonic storm emerging from the Arabian Sea.

Fani

Extremely severe cyclonic storm originating from the Indian Ocean.

BOB 03

Severe cyclonic storm formed in the central Bay of Bengal

Bulbul

A very severe cyclonic storm emerged from the Bay of Bengal.

Now that you know how cyclones form, let’s delve into the impact of these natural disasters.

Impact of Cyclones in India

Cyclone Hazard Zones in India

Preventive Measures to Combat Cyclones in India

Frequently Asked Questions