List of Landslide Prone Areas in India
Landslides are the gravitational movement of rocks, masses of earth, or debris through the mountain slopes. Hilly slopes become unstable due to groundwater pressure, earthquakes, erosions and volcanic eruptions, which causes landslides.
More than 12% of the territory is landslide prone areas in India, killing 300 people every year. It is the third most fatal disaster globally, accounting for approximately $400 billion per year for disaster management.
What Are the Landslide Prone States in India?
Some landslide prone states in India are as follows-
Landslide Prone Areas
States & Cities
Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal
Eastern & North-Eastern Himalaya
West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim
Naga-Arakan Mountain belts
Tripura, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur
Western Ghat region & Nilgiri
Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa
Meghalaya Plateau comprising Peninsular India
The north-eastern part of India
List of Landslide Affected Areas in India till Date
Major Landslide Zones in India Hit till Date
Year & Responsible Factor
Impact Due to the Destruction
Guwahati landslide in Assam
18th September 1948 due to Heavy rain
500 people died, and an entire village was buried under it
Darjeeling landslide in West Bengal
4th October 1968 due to Flood
More than 1000 people died, and a 60km highway was broken into 91 parts
Malpa landslide in Uttarakhand
Consecutive landslides for 7 days between 11th to 17th August 1998 due to Earthquake
An entire village was washed off with 380 people
Mumbai landslide in Maharashtra
10th July 2000 due to Heavy rain
67 people died
Amboori landslide in Kerala
9th November 2001 due to Heavy rain
40 people died
Kedarnath landslide in Uttarakhand
16th July 2013 due to Flood
5700 people died, and 42,00 villages were affected
Malin landslide in Maharashtra
30th July 2014 due to Heavy rainfall
151 people died, and more than 100 were missing
Karimgang and Hilakandi landslide in Assam
18th May 2016 due to Pre-monsoon precipitation
More than 50 people died and caused severe damage to agricultural land, cattle, and properties.
Kotrupi landslide in Himachal Pradesh
13th August 2017 due to Excessive rainfall
More than 50 people died, 40 were missing, and there were severe casualties
Kuwari landslide in Uttarakhand
10th March 2018 due to Heavy rainfall
More than 400 people died, and 106 houses perished
Pettimudi landslide in Kerela
6th August 2020 due to incessant rainfall
80 people died, and many casualties occurred
Preventive Measures Taken in Areas Generally Prone to Landslides
Some of the preventive measures are taken in areas prone to landslides in India to mitigate the disaster caused -
- Installing an early warning system by monitoring climate and ground conditions. Strains in rocks, groundwater level, and slope displacement are early signs of landslides' warning.
- Installing retaining walls, grouting rock joints, and fissures.
- Diverting pathways of debris and rerouting underwater drainage systems.
- Awareness programs are conducted to train the community to identify gaps, implement protective measures, and protect themselves and the community.
Insurance Policies for People Living in Landslide Prone Areas
People residing in areas affected by landslides in India should buy policies under the homeowner policy, which has "Difference in Condition" to protect your home, property, business, agricultural land, etc. Some of the products under such specific criteria are-
- Content coverage covers the content of your home under landslide prone areas like furniture, valuables, etc.
- Earth movement coverage – This insurance covers a house or any other building on your property.
- Flood insurance – Landslides are often caused by floods, where your home is affected by both flood and landslide; in such cases, this insurance will protect your loss.
India has the largest chain of mountains, which is formed by the collision of land plates. This zone is the most landslide prone zone of India. The Natural Disaster Management department has taken all necessary measures to safeguard life in landslide prone areas in India. The Indian Government has deployed many other departments and resources to recover destruction in these areas.