How to Start a Taxi Business in India
With the emergence of companies, such as Ola and Uber, every individual owning a smartphone can avail a cab from the convenience of their home.
Such rising demand makes investing in the taxi business a profitable option for many. If you wish to benefit from the same, here is a detailed overview of how to start a taxi business.
Without any further delay, let's begin!
How to Start a Taxi Business in India?
Before starting a taxi business in India, one must have a proper business plan. An appropriate business plan is crucial as it affects an individual's liability, business taxation, paperwork, etc.
Additionally, one must also factor in the importance of obtaining a driver's license as per the Motor Vehicle Act's mandates.
Now, let us look at the basic business structures you should consider when chalking out how to start a cab business.
How Many Types of Taxi Businesses Are There in India?
Typically, there are three types of taxi businesses in India. Refer to the following section to understand the types in detail -
Traditional Taxi Business
This type of business may include single taxis or certain organisations owning numerous cars and running a business. However, this type of business is losing its hold in India due to its poor accessibility.
This brings us to the next type of taxi business.
Radio Taxi Business
Cabs operating under Ola or Uber are radio taxis that have gained popularity due to their easy accessibility. These taxis have a GPS installed in them that helps in tracing driving routes. Further, one can easily book a cab via the respective company’s mobile-based application. Unlike the traditional type, cab drivers own these radio taxis.
Further, drivers need to pay a percentage of their scheduled ride fare to the company in case of radio taxis.
Taxi Fleet Business
One can also start a taxi business with a small fleet. Considering the demographics and location, this business can become profitable in a short span.
For instance, in tier 1 cities, maximum demand comes from office goers who use taxis for daily commute. Alternatively, for tier 2 or 3 cities, families or students requiring an outstation trip can benefit from this service.
Further, an individual owning a fleet can further streamline his business by including administrators, managers, cashiers and drivers.
Therefore, factoring in the aforementioned points is essential whether an individual wishes to start a taxi business with one car or multiple cars.
Along with the above factors and types, one must also be aware of the documents required to start a taxi business.
What Are the Documents Required to Start a Taxi Business in India?
Here is a list of documents necessary to start a cab business in India:
- Registration certificate.
- Vehicle insurance.
- Environment clearance certificates from the State authorities.
Apart from this, individuals must present the following documents to prove drive authority -
- Identity proof.
- Proof of address.
- Passport size photos.
- Application fee.
Other than this, there are some prerequisites to obtain a driver's license. These are as follows -
- At least 18 years of age.
- Education up to at least class 8.
- Must possess a learner's license.
- Proper training from any Government Motor School.
- License application, made through online and offline modes.
- Must take a driving test to prove driving skills.
- Should have a medical fitness certificate.
Now, let's look at the types of permits one must obtain when wondering how to set up a taxi business in India.
How to Obtain Permit as Per the Provisions of the Motor Vehicle Act?
Depending on the class of vehicles, there are several permits one needs to obtain to open a taxi business and drive on Indian roads legally.
Here is a brief overview!
It is vital to note that not all vehicles are suitable for a taxi business. Some vehicles are only suitable to transport goods across places. Therefore, to transport people, one must obtain vehicle permits from the Regional Transport Office or the State Transport Office.
Passenger Carriage Contract
A driver carries a passenger from one place to another for a particular fare under a contract. With respect to this, one must file an application detailing the type and seating capacity of a taxi and the area where it will be operational as specified by the State Authorities.
To know how to start a taxi business, one must have prior knowledge regarding a fitness certificate's importance as per the Motor Vehicles Act. A fitness certificate decides whether a vehicle is in proper driving condition. For this purpose, regular checks and thorough maintenance is necessary.
Further, a specific speed limit is set for taxis in each state according to the certificate. One can obtain a fitness certificate from an Authorised Testing Station.
All India Tourist Permit
Drivers must obtain an All India Tourist Permit for inter-state transportation. To obtain this permit, one needs to make an application to the Transport Authority. Note that these taxis cannot be used for local transportation.
Commercial Vehicle Driving License
The Regional Transport Office of respective States grants this upon fulfilling the conditions as mentioned already.
Now let us focus on the probable ROI of the taxi business in India.
How Much ROI Can You Expect?
The return on investment (ROI) of a cab business will be higher in the long run as the set-up's initial costs are high. A person learning how to start a taxi business must know that he needs to invest a significant amount in spacing. Therefore, it might be hefty for an individual to bear all those costs.
However, offering the drivers a percentage-based compensation is an ideal way to tackle this situation. Although the profits might not flood in immediately, they will increase in the long run.
Therefore, by following the aforementioned pointers, one can effortlessly learn how to start a taxi business and enjoy its long-term benefits. A novice and an expert can equally get valuable inputs from this article before starting a cab business.