2. Urine Test
Urine tests are not considered accurate diabetes tests for diagnosis. However, they are used for monitoring the blood sugar level.
When there is an increase in blood sugar and a decrease in the insulin hormone, the body uses the fat to produce energy.
As a result, when it performs this synthesis, it releases ketones as a by-product. These ketones are released into the urine as waste products.
Hence, testing for them can help to track the lack of insulin or the blood sugar levels.
Ketones are acidic and highly poisonous to the body. Any build-up can lead to a coma or death. Hence, it is important to drink water regularly if diabetic to remove this toxic material from the body.
Mostly, doctors recommend urine tests as a diabetes test for a routine check-up. If glucose and insulin are present, then it could mean the body is not producing sufficient insulin.
Moreover, those with type 1 diabetes need ketone testing in urine rather than glucose testing.
Further, the table below shows the results for ketone testing in urine.