Factors that are associated with diabetes type 2 risk are:
This is a major difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In type 1, the pancreas fails to produce insulin. And, in type 2, the body cannot utilise the created insulin. This results in the pancreases creating more insulin to overcome the body’s resistance. With time, the cells eventually wear out.
As a result, the body slows insulin production and blood sugar level increases. This is also called prediabetes.
Note: A person with prediabetes will have a high blood sugar level, but not enough to get diagnosed.
Weight and fat distribution
Body fat, mainly in the abdomen area, can indicate a higher risk for this disease. Also, being overweight is another potential risk factor for having diabetes.
Since physical activity controls your weight, you are more likely to gain fat if you remain inactive. The more fat you gain, the more risk arrives your way.
Blood lipid levels
People with a low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides are at a higher risk of developing this disease.
Pregnancy related risks
Mothers who developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes also includes:
- PCOD or PCOS
- Darkened skin areas on the neck or armpits
- Genes or family history