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Difference between Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

Know about the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Around 422 million people across the world have diabetes. (Source: 1) So, what exactly is it? Our pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. With the help of insulin, our blood carries glucose throughout the body and provides it with energy.

In some people, the pancreas somehow fails to produce insulin, which results in increased blood glucose levels, causing diabetes.

There are mainly two types of diabetes:

1. Type 1 

2. Type 2

Let us explain the difference between both the types through a table:

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

This is an autoimmune reaction where a person’s immune system attacks his/her pancreatic cells, which produce insulin.

It happens when a person’s body becomes insulin resistant while still making insulin.

Can be caused due to genetics or environmental factors.

Is mainly caused due to genetics and lifestyle factors like obesity, reduced physical activity, etc.

Generally happens at a young age and lasts for a lifetime.

Often arises during adulthood and sometimes can be reversed through certain lifestyle changes.

What causes type 1 diabetes?

What causes type 2 diabetes?

What are the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Risk factors of diabetes type 1

Risk factors of diabetes type 2

How is type 1 diabetes diagnosed?

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

Treatment for type 1 diabetes

Treatment for type 2 diabetes

Frequently Asked Questions