The deficiencies of micronutrients have continued to be a highly significant matter concerning public health in India. Therefore, in order to combat malnutrition and hence nutritional problems in India, the Indian Government has taken initiatives in the form of policy measures, missions, plans and programmes.
Some of them are listed below:
- Special Nutrition Programme, 1970-71
- Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme, 1970
- National Plan of Action on Nutrition, 1995
- National Nutrition Mission, 2003
However, several major nutritional problems in India exist even today, and the Government is making continuous efforts to deal with them.
On an individual level, for overcoming nutritional problems in India, one needs to have a well-balanced diet containing nutrients in recommended proportions. If someone is deficient in a particular nutrient, he or she must consume foods rich in that specific nutrient.
Listed below are some nutrients along with their sources:
- Proteins: Chicken, milk, eggs, pulses
- Vitamin D: Exposure to sunlight, egg yolk, fortified foods, fish
- Vitamin B12: Shellfish, salmon, liver, trout
- Folate: Citrus fruits, peas, tomato juice
- Vitamin A: Grapefruit, cantaloupe, pumpkins
- Iron: Organ meat, shellfish, red meat, kidney beans
- Iodine: Egg dairy, fish, seaweed
Now that you are aware of the various nutritional problems in India, go ahead and plan out a balanced diet schedule so as to prevent them.