One of the popular healthcare schemes of the Indian Government, NUHM’s full form, is National Urban Health Mission. Its purpose is to enable poor residents in urban households to access healthcare services at an affordable price range. It comes under the National Health Mission, which outlines both National Rural and Urban Health Missions.
As the nursing and healthcare sector is getting more potent with technologies and scientific advancements, costs of services have also been increasing. Therefore, NUHM tries to meet the healthcare needs of the urban poor population.
World Economic and Social Survey 2013 observed that if the current rate of urbanisation continues, 46% of the Indian population will be in urban areas by the end of 2030. Moreover, NFHS III (2005-06) data shows that 46% of urban children are underweight, and 60% lack total immunisation. It is thus more urgent for the government to take measures for helping the urban population in managing their healthcare expenses. The introduction of NUHM India started with tackling 779 districts having a population of 50,000 and has been expanding to reach more people ever since.