Everything About Citizenship for Indians in Different Countries

Difference between Citizenship and Permanent Residency



Permanent Residency (PR)


A citizen is a legitimate member of a country. When someone is granted citizenship, they become a legal member of that country and have all the rights and responsibilities of a citizen.

To be a permanent resident of a country, you must be a legal resident of that country, even if you are not a citizen.

Process of Obtaining Status

To become a citizen, a person usually needs to go through a naturalization process, which often includes meeting residency requirements, passing language and civics tests, and demonstrating good moral character.

Obtaining permanent residency typically involves meeting eligibility criteria, such as employment sponsorship, family reunification, or investment, and may include a waiting period.


For example: One can become a citizen of a particular country as a result of being born in a country, having lived there for 5-10 years, or having been granted refugee status by the government.

For example: Permanent residents in the United States of America, for example, are often referred to as ‘green card holders.’ Permanent residence can be achieved by legally residing in the country for five or seven years.


There is no need to renew citizenship and it can't be cancelled.

Every five years, the permanent residency card is to be renewed and it may be cancelled for various reasons.

Passport Application Right

Citizens of a country can also apply for a passport in that country.

Permanent residents do not have the right to apply for a passport.

Voting Rights

If you are a citizen of a country, you enjoy full voting rights if you meet the country’s age criteria and can take up positions in office.

Permanent residents may not have the right to vote in national elections or hold certain government positions, until they become citizens.

It's necessary to keep in mind that obtaining citizenship or permanent residency in another nation is typically a difficult and drawn-out process that involves fulfilling specific eligibility requirements, such as residency, language requirements and legal procedures.