As discussed already, calcium is a vital mineral for the human body. Thus, lack of calcium in the body has risks of developing diseases, such as hypocalcemia, which is a calcium deficiency disease. It can be caused by poor calcium intake since childhood, medications reducing calcium absorption in the body, dietary intolerance to calcium-rich food, hormonal changes and genetic factors.
Some of the symptoms of hypocalcemia include the following.
- Muscle spasm, causing difficulty in walking, moving or talking
- Confusion or loss of memory
- Numbness or tingling feelings in hands, feet and face
- Depression and hallucinations
- Weakening of finger and toenails
- Tooth decay and gum diseases
- Easy fracture of the bones
If you see such symptoms in your body, do not hesitate to contact your local physician immediately. If doctors suspect calcium deficiency, they take blood samples and check calcium, albumin and ionised calcium levels. Normal calcium levels should range between 8.8 and 10.4 milligrams in an adult.