28 Best Foods for Your Kidneys

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What are the Functions of Kidneys in the Human Body?

28 Best Foods for Kidneys

List of Vegetables for Kidneys

SNo.

Vegetables Description Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Phosphorus (mg)
1 Cabbage A low-potassium vegetable is rich in vitamins K, C, and B complex. Cabbage supports digestive health with its fibre content and provides antioxidant properties. 11 mg 119 mg 18 mg
2 Cauliflower Low in potassium, high in vitamin C and folate. Cauliflower offers anti-inflammatory benefits and can be used as a versatile substitute in various recipes. 19 mg 176 mg 40 mg
3 Bell Pepper A source of vitamins C and A, bell peppers add flavour and colour to dishes while being low in potassium. They support the immune system with their antioxidant content. 2.5 mg 175 mg  19 mg
4 Radish Low in potassium and sodium, radishes contain vitamin C and other antioxidants. These root vegetables provide a crunchy addition to salads and snacks. 23 mg 135 mg 12 mg
5 Arugula Low in potassium and sodium, arugula provides nitrates beneficial for kidneys. It also contains essential minerals and vitamins such as calcium and K. 6 mg 74 mg 10 mg

List of Fruits and Juices for Kidneys

SNo.

Fruits and Juices Description Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Phosphorous (mg)
6 Pineapple A sweet, tropical fruit low in potassium and phosphorus. Pineapple is also rich in vitamin C and fibre, making it a suitable choice for kidney health. 1 mg 109 mg 8 mg
7 Blueberries Loaded with antioxidants and vitamins, blueberries are low in sodium and phosphorus. They boost immunity and may help reduce inflammation. 1 mg 114 mg 18 mg
8 Red Grapes Red grapes provide antioxidants that reduce inflammation and support kidney function. They contain low sodium and moderate potassium levels. 2 mg 144 mg 15 mg
9 Lemon Juice Lemon juice helps flush out toxins and supports kidney health. It is high in vitamin C and low in potassium, making it beneficial for those with kidney concerns. 1 mg 103 mg 10 mg
10 Apple Juice Apple juice is low in potassium and phosphorus, making it a kidney-friendly beverage. It's a good source of hydration and provides natural sweetness. 1 mg 102 mg 10 mg

List of Dairy Products and Nuts for Kidneys

SNo. Dairy Products and Nuts Description Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Phosphorus (mg)
11 Egg Whites Egg whites provide high-quality protein with low phosphorus. They are a great option for individuals on a kidney-friendly diet. 149 mg 108 mg 10 mg
12 Macadamia Nuts Macadamia nuts offer healthy fats and fibre, which are beneficial for kidney health. They are low in phosphorus and can be a good snack choice. 1.4 mg 103 mg 53 mg
13 Almond Milk Almond milk is a dairy alternative that is low in potassium and phosphorus. It offers healthy fats and vitamins. 9 mg 28 mg 15 mg
14 Cottage Cheese A good source of protein, cottage cheese is low in phosphorus and potassium. It can be incorporated into various meals for kidney-friendly nutrition. 110 mg 104 mg 52 mg
15 Greek Yoghurt Greek yoghurt provides protein and probiotics, which aid in digestion. It is lower in potassium and phosphorus compared to traditional yoghurt. 45 mg 141 mg 76 mg

List of Vegetarian Food for Kidneys

SNo.

Food Description Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Phosphorus (mg)
16 Bulgur A whole grain is low in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. Bulgur is a good source of fibre, vitamin B folate, and iron. 9 mg  62 mg 36 mg
17 Tofu Tofu is a plant-based protein source that is lower in sodium and potassium. It offers a versatile alternative for those following a vegetarian diet. 10 mg 117 mg 58 mg
18 Lentils Lentils are a nutrient-dense legume offering plant-based protein and fibre. They are moderate in phosphorus and potassium, making them a good choice for kidney health. 3 mg 369 mg 168 mg
19 Chickpeas Chickpeas are a good source of plant-based protein and fibre. They are moderate in potassium and phosphorus, making them a kidney-friendly option. 24 mg 291 mg 176 mg
20 Black Beans Black beans offer protein and fibre and are moderate in potassium and phosphorus. They support kidney health as part of a balanced diet. 1 mg 305 mg 140 mg
21 Quinoa Quinoa is a nutrient-rich grain that is low in sodium and potassium. It is a good source of fibre, protein, and magnesium. 5 mg 172 mg 152 mg
22.  Buckwheat Buckwheat is a gluten-free grain rich in nutrients, fibre, and antioxidants. It is low in sodium and moderate in potassium. 1 mg 460 mg 195 mg
23.  Split Peas Split peas are high in fibre and plant-based protein, providing beneficial nutrients. They are moderate in potassium and phosphorus, making them suitable for a kidney-friendly diet. 8 mg 341 mg 165 mg

List of Non-Vegetarian Food for Kidneys

SNo.

Food Description  Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Phosphorus (mg)
24 Eggs Eggs provide high-quality protein with a moderate amount of phosphorus. They offer a versatile option for a balanced diet. 140 mg 126 mg 201 mg
25 Pork Tenderloin Pork tenderloin is a lean cut of meat that is low in sodium and moderate in potassium and phosphorus. It is a good source of protein. 68 mg 378 mg 184 mg
26 Sardines Sardines are a source of omega-3 fatty acids and protein, beneficial for heart and kidney health. They contain moderate levels of sodium. 210 mg 383 mg 213 mg
27 Chicken Thighs Chicken thighs provide good-quality protein with moderate phosphorus levels. Opt for skinless and low-fat options for better kidney health. 74 mg 241 mg 220 mg
28 Venison Venison is a lean red meat that is low in fat, sodium, and potassium. It offers a high protein content and is beneficial for kidney health. 74 mg 345 mg 200 mg

How to Maintain a Healthy Food Diet for Your Kidneys?

10 Food Items to Avoid for a Healthy Kidney

SNo. 

Food Item Reasons to Avoid
1 Canned Food High in sodium and preservatives, canned foods can lead to fluid retention and increased blood pressure.
2 Processed Meat Contains high levels of sodium and preservatives that can increase the workload on the kidneys and elevate blood pressure.
3 Dark-Coloured Sodas These drinks often contain phosphorus additives, which can negatively impact kidney function and calcium levels.
4 Bananas High in potassium, which can be harmful for individuals with kidney issues as it may disrupt electrolyte balance.
5 Whole Wheat Bread Contains higher levels of phosphorus and potassium compared to white bread, which can strain the kidneys.
6 Brown Rice It is rich in phosphorus and potassium, making it challenging for the kidneys to maintain a healthy balance of these minerals.
7 Avocado Avocado is high in potassium, which can be problematic for kidney health, especially in large quantities.
8 Potatoes Particularly when baked with skin, potatoes contain high potassium levels that may pose a risk to kidney function.
9 Raisins, Prunes and Dates These dried fruits are high in potassium and sugar, which can be taxing on the kidneys and disrupt electrolyte balance.
10 High-Fat Dairy High in saturated fats, these products can raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of kidney disease over time.

What Is the Impact of Bad Food Choices on Your Kidneys?

FAQs about Food Items for Kidneys